AGVs vs. Autonomous Mobile Robots - Which is Better for Material Handling in Warehouses?

October 27, 2022

Photo by Olivier Bergeron on Unsplash

Are you tired of endlessly scrolling through Amazon to find the perfect gift? Are you wondering how your package gets from the warehouse to your doorstep so quickly? The answer is industrial automation, the use of robotics and software in manufacturing and logistics to increase efficiency and reduce costs. In this blog post, we will compare Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) and Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs) to determine which is better for material handling in warehouse environments.

What Are AGVs and AMRs?

AGVs and AMRs are both robotic vehicles used for material handling in warehouses, but how do they differ? AGVs are vehicles that follow a set path using navigational markers, such as magnetic tape or RFID tags, to move products between predetermined locations. On the other hand, AMRs use sensors and machine learning algorithms to navigate autonomously without fixed paths, making them more flexible in changing environments.

Pros and Cons



  • Lower initial cost compared to AMRs
  • Can easily transport heavy loads without human intervention
  • Reliable and require minimal maintenance


  • Limited ability to adapt to changes in the environment or task
  • Could be easily disrupted if navigational markers get damaged
  • Can only travel on designated paths



  • Increased flexibility compared to AGVs
  • Can adapt to changes in the environment and tasks
  • Do not require markers or modifications to existing physical infrastructure


  • Higher initial cost compared to AGVs
  • Not suitable for transporting heavy loads
  • Require more maintenance compared to AGVs

Which One Should You Choose?

The choice between AGVs and AMRs primarily depends on the needs of your warehouse. If your cargo is mostly uniform in size and weight, and your warehouse has consistent traffic patterns, AGVs could be the more cost-effective and reliable solution. However, if you have varying loads and traffic patterns, frequent changes to your facility, or need the flexibility to scale, AMRs may be the better option.

Number of Installations

As of 2022, there are approximately 200,000 AGVs and 90,000 AMRs installed worldwide. However, AMRs are growing at twice the rate of AGVs, indicating a shift towards increased flexibility and adaptability in warehouse automation.


In conclusion, both AGVs and AMRs have their pros and cons, making them appropriate for different warehouse environments. It is essential to analyze the needs of your warehouse to select the right solution for efficient and cost-effective material handling. Remember to stay up to date on trends and learn from the experience of other warehouses to make an informed decision.


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